[轉載] Waltz with Bashir
WE MAY FORGET THE PASST, BUT THE PAST WON'T FORGEIT US
以色列新銳導演阿里佛勒曼(Ari Folman)以動畫手法詮釋1982年發生在黎巴嫩首都貝魯特的「巴勒斯坦大屠殺」(Waltz with Bashir)的紀錄片，以往動畫片與紀錄片在坎城影展入圍作品中佔極少數，而這部新作竟然把兩個類型電影結合，令人期待。
今年是以色列建國六十週年，即將來臨的台北電影節就挑中了耶路撒冷作為主題城市；而坎城選映以色列導演阿里福曼（Ari Folman）的《與巴夏跳華爾滋》（Waltz with Bashir），更具政治意義。這部片藉動畫形式，從一個奇異的夢境出發，描寫一個退役軍人對1982年以色列屠殺貝魯特難民營的歷史回溯。電影裡的「失憶」與「尋回」過程，正好成了以色列人對過去所犯下罪行的實際象徵。導演以動畫形式處理，切入角度新穎大膽，前半段佈滿夢境與想像，讓戰爭的傷痛與暴力本質表露無遺；後半段則透過動畫直接表現出類似紀錄片的拍攝形式，甚至最後乾脆把當年屠殺現場的震撼畫面給剪輯進去。動畫的繽紛神采反而讓戰爭主題的幽暗更加放大；不過前半段對動畫形式天馬行空的善用，還是勝過後半段模仿紀錄訪談形式的刻板要來得精彩。來自政治意涵上的十足誠意，以及動畫形式的獨特優勢，本片在坎城當地評價甚高，得獎呼聲不小。 http://movie.cca.gov.tw/Festivals/Content.asp?ID=353&Country=
一九六七年六月六日至十日發生的「以阿六日戰爭」，以色列與阿拉伯聯軍對打而大獲全勝，結果受害最慘的是巴勒斯坦人。這次戰爭，讓更多巴勒斯坦人喪失家園，被迫遷移到黎巴嫩南部難民營避難，而黎南難民營就像第二次大戰的猶太人集中營一樣，隨時都要面臨以色列軍隊的侵犯，直到今年，以色列軍隊幾乎是無時無刻、一而再、再而三地進入黎南難民營，對著營區內的巴勒斯坦難民肆無顧忌的進行大屠殺。以一九八二年為例，那次大屠殺連老弱婦孺都不能倖免，有二八八人被殺害。...以色列整夜發動逾一百次空襲，理由只有一個：要剷除真主黨。就這樣連續不停地對難民營進行轟炸，甚至是連黎巴嫩首府貝魯特都被列入轟炸之目標。 http://palinfo.habago.org/archives/2006/12/27/23.49.40/ 掛上帝的名行殺戮之實
One night at a bar, an old friend tells director Ari Folman about a recurring nightmare in which he is chased by 26 vicious dogs. Every night, the same number of beasts. The two men conclude that there's a connection to their Israeli Army mission in the first Lebanon War of the early eighties. Ari is surprised that he can't remember a thing anymore about that period of his life.
Intrigued by this riddle, he decides to meet and interview old friends and comrades around the world. He needs to discover the truth about that time and about himself. As Ari delves deeper and deeper into the mystery, his memory begins to creep up in surreal images …
-The 1982 Lebanon War-
In June 1982, the Israeli army invaded South Lebanon after Israel’s northern towns had been bombarded for years from the Lebanese territory. The Israeli government's original plan was to occupy a 40 km security zone in Lebanon in order to “cleanse” the missile range used by the Palestinians against Israel's northern towns. In fact, the Israeli Minister of Defense at the time, Arik Sharon, developed a fantastical and ultra-imaginative plan: to occupy Lebanon as far as Beirut, including Beirut, and to appoint his Christian ally, Bashir Gemayel, President of Lebanon, thus eradicating the threat to the State of Israel from the north and expanding and increasing the front against Syria, a country that also borders on Lebanon and was always considered Israel's cruelest and most tenacious enemy. Sharon and senior military leaders were actually the only ones who knew about the plan. While the Israeli government approved a 40 km range operation only, the IDF thrust full speed ahead all the way to Beirut.
Within one week the IDF inundated Lebanon and reached the outskirts of Beirut. However, just then, before entering the city, questions were raised: What business does the army have being in a foreign capital, so far from home? Why are Israeli soldiers being killed on a daily basis when their actions have no real link to the protection of Israel's northern border? Suddenly, the correlation to the Vietnamese war was inevitable.
In August, two months after war broke out and the IDF was still waiting on the outskirts of Beirut for the command to penetrate the city, a treaty was signed with the Palestinians according to which all Palestinian combat fighters would be evacuated from Beirut on ships to Tunisia. In return, the IDF would remove the threat of penetrating the city. That week, Bashir Gemayel, senior commander of the “Phalangists” Christian militia, was elected President of Lebanon. Gemayel was considered extraordinarily charismatic, a fashionable young man, handsome and infinitely admired by all Christian militia soldiers and their families. He was especially esteemed by the Israeli leadership. Gemayel's appointment as President of Lebanon was designed to ensure relative quiet on the tense border between the two countries.
While giving a speech at the Phalangist headquarters in East Beirut, Bashir Gemayel was killed by a massive explosive charge. To this day it is unknown who was responsible for the murder, but the assumption is that the assassination was orchestrated by Syrian or Palestinian factions or that they collaborated thereon.
That afternoon, Israeli troops penetrated a region in West Beirut that was mostly populated in those days by Palestinian refugees, and they surrounded the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps. Towards evening, large Phalangist forces made their way to the area, driven by a profound sense of revenge after the killing of their revered leader. At nightfall, Phalangist forces entered the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps aided by the IDF's illumination rounds. The declared objective of the Christian forces was to purge the camps of Palestinian combat fighters. However, there were virtually no Palestinian combat fighters left in the refugee camps since they had been evacuated on ships to Tunisia two weeks earlier. For two whole days the sound of gunfire and battles could be heard from the camps but it was only on the third day, September 16th, when panic-stricken women swarmed the Israeli troops outside the camps, that the picture became clear: For three days the Christian forces massacred all refugee camp occupants. Men, women, the elderly and children, were all killed with horrific cruelty. To this day the exact number of victims is unknown but they are estimated at 3000.
News of the massacre shocked the entire world and a spontaneous protest of hundreds of thousands Israelis forced the Israeli government to create an official inquiry committee to investigate the liability of Israeli political and military authorities. Minister of Defense Arik Sharon was found guilty by the committee for not having done enough to stop the horror once he became aware of the massacre. He was dismissed of his duties and prohibited from serving as Minister of Defense for another term. This did not stop him from being appointed Prime Minister of Israel twenty years later.
Waltz with Bashir http://waltzwithbashir.com/
這個時候覺得 有YouTube 真好~